Shipwreck Pollution Recovery Introduction
Wreck Environment Risk Analysis
Wreck environmental risk analysis must be conducted prior to making a decision to carry out the oil removal operation. The following factors of the wreck have to be evaluated:
- Environmental circumstances around the wreck
- Circumstances of the wreck
- Oil tanks’ locations and structures
- Quantity and quality of the oil in the wreck
- Environmental and oil spill risk analysis
The decision to conduct oil removal is based on the seriousness of the potential oil spill and wreck environmental risk analysis.
Wreck Environment Risk Monitoring
Once the wreck environment risk analysis is completed and the decision has been made not to do an immediate oil removal operation, the next step is to constantly monitor the wreck condition and its surroundings.
Monitoring ensures that the key decision makers are kept updated with the latest information on the condition of the wreck and, as a result, may prevent possible environmental damage.
Wreck Oil Removal Operation
After wreck environment risk analysis the actual oil removal operation can be carried out.
The wreck oil removal operation consists of a detailed plan of the mobilization, oil removal operation and demobilization. These plans identify resources, the operating organizations and persons responsible, the oil removal plan, risk assessments, contingency plans, technology, schedules, working methods etc.
The company’s ongoing preparedness for oil removal operations is essential. Experienced, professional personnel and Best Available Technology are available whenever a possible leak or a spill occurs.
We have developed a unique solution which contains Best Available Technology toolbox, and this allows us to implement the oil removal operation safely and quickly. Development of the technology began in 1984 when M/S Eira grounded off the coast of Vaasa, Finland.
Our toolbox is a combination of several different technologies:
- patented remote operated Hot Tapping tool
- vacuum pumps
- viscosity control
- transfer pumps
- hoses and their handling units
The use of the chosen technology depends on the structure of the wreck and its tanks, environmental conditions, temperature, depth, currents, oil quality and quantity etc. Every wreck is individual and as a result the course of actions for oil removal are thoroughly evaluated before the commencement of the project.
Technology is a tool but our expertise, experience, professionalism and understanding ensures the desired result.
Alfons Håkans salvage capabilites are familiar to many of the leading insurance brokers and hull underwriters throughout the world, particularly due to the high-profile salvage of the grounded passenger vessel M/S Sally Albatross.
Alfons Håkans Ltd is a member of the International Salvage Union and has performed over 50 salvage cases in the last 20 years.
- M/S Estonia passenger ferry.
- sank in September 1994 in the Baltic Sea.
- lays on the seabed in 60-80 meters depth.
- remote-control oil removal operation a total of 250 cubic meters of various oils were removed from the tanks.
SS Park Victory
- SS Park Victory cargo ship.
- grounded and sank in December 1947.
- lays on the seabed in 20-40 meters depth in Utö, South Finland.
- oil removal operation, carried out between 1994-2000.
- a total of 410 tons of heavy fuel oil was removed from the tanks.
M/S Sally Albatross
- M/S Sally Albatross cruise ship.
- grounded in March 1994 in shallow waters off the coast of Porkkala, Finland.
- during the salvage operation innovative oil removal technology has been applied.
- M/S Pamisos dry cargo vessel.
- grounded in 1992 in Åland, Finland.
- during the salvage operation a total of 374 tons of heavy fuel oil and diesel oil was removed from her tanks by innovative oil removal technology over a period of 3,5 days.
Our experienced team comprises of highly trained professionals:
- Oil recovery experts
- Underwater technology experts
- Salvage masters
- ROV pilots
- Mechanical and automation engineers
Our pollution recovery team is part of a major towage and salvage company in Northern Europe and has a fleet of vessels available for oil pollution recovery operations.